Environment specific configuration in zend

In software development life cycle, we generally need different type of environments for different purpose like – “development”, “testing”, “production” etc.

And all these environments has some environment specific configuration. like in development server “display error” will be on and payment mode will be “testmode” But in production server “display error” will be off and payment mode will be “livemode” In production server error logging will be on but in testing server it may not be on. Database connection will be different for each environment. etc etc…


Its been a big headache to server management team to modify configuration files each time code update to any server.
Here we have created multiple configuration files for each server and automatically loaded environment wise configuration file using “zend-framework”.


Here we will consider 3 environment- “Production”, “QA” and “Development” in order to explain the process.
So we will create 4 ini files:
common_config.ini: to keep common configuration (which don’t change with environments)
app_prod.ini: “Production” server specific configuration
app_QA.ini: “QA” server specific configuration
app_dev.ini: “Development” server specific configuration


phpSettings.error_log = [path to file] "/application.log"

includePaths.application = APP_PATH
includePaths.library = APP_LIB

bootstrap.path = [path to file] "/Bootstrap.php"
bootstrap.class = "Project_Bootstrap"

autoloadernamespaces.0 = "Project"

resources.frontController.moduleControllerDirectoryName = "controllers"
resources.frontController.moduleDirectory = [path to file] "/modules"

resources.frontController.defaultControllerName = "index"
resources.frontController.defaultAction = "index"
resources.frontController.defaultModule = "account"
[QA : Production]
[Development : Production]

Look at last 2 lines- it is saying QA and Development server both will extend configuration from Production.


phpSettings.display_startup_errors = 0
phpSettings.display_errors = 0
phpSettings.log_errors = 1

;payment related credentials
payment.mode = "liveMode"
;db configuration
resources.db.adapter = "Pdo_Mysql"
resources.db.params.host = "localhost"
resources.db.params.username = "user1"
resources.db.params.password = "pass1"
resources.db.params.dbname = "db_prod"


phpSettings.display_startup_errors = 1
phpSettings.display_errors = 1
phpSettings.log_errors = 1

;payment related credentials
payment.mode = "testMode"
;db configuration
resources.db.adapter = "Pdo_Mysql"
resources.db.params.host = "localhost"
resources.db.params.username = "user2"
resources.db.params.password = "pass2"
resources.db.params.dbname = "db_qa"


Similar to QA. you now know what will be in this configuration file. 🙂

So we made ready all configuration files. Now need to load proper configuration for environments.
index.php file will contain something like this:


        [path to file] . '/Config/common_config.ini');

// set APP_INI_PATH according to environment
switch (APP_ENV) {
    case 'Production' :
        defined('APP_INI_PATH') || define('APP_INI_PATH',
            [path to file] . '/Config/app_prod.ini');
    case 'QA' :
        defined('APP_INI_PATH') || define('APP_INI_PATH',
            [path to file] . '/Config/app_QA.ini');
    case 'Development' :
        defined('APP_INI_PATH') || define('APP_INI_PATH',
            [path to file] . '/Config/app_dev.ini');

defined('APP_LOG_PATH') || define('APP_LOG_PATH',
        realpath(dirname(__FILE__) . '/../logs'));

//Bootstrap the application
//load zend_app with config file and run
$application = new Zend_Application(APP_ENV,
            'config' => array(

So here we we have set 2 constant for configuration files according to environment: COMMON_CONFIG_INI_PATH and APP_INI_PATH
and loaded these 2 configuration while bootstrapping.

You are done. Nothing more. Simple, isn’t it? 🙂


CONSTRUCTOR and DesTruCtoR in php

As a developer “Constructor” is very common to us and we use it very frequently. But do we know what is destructor and when to use it?

Yes the names describe their meanings themselves. Constructor and destructor are 2 methods of a class which are called at the time of object construction and destruction respectively.


How to create:

Generally the way of creating a constructor is creating a method, name of which is same as class name.

For Example:

class foo {
    function foo()
        // PHP 4 style constructor

Whereas PHP5 introduce a new magic method “__construct()” to declare a constructor.

The benefit of this method is if sometime we need to change the name of class, we don’t need to change the name of constructor.

For Example:

class newFoo {
    function __construct()
        // PHP 5+ style constructor

PHP5 first searches for magic method style constructor. If not present, it searches for a method, same name with class name. So, both style works.

Why to use:

Constructors are useful for initializing an object’s properties, or for performing startup procedures. For example, need to connect to database or set some specific set of configuration or fetch some remote file and cache it for quick usage.


How to create:

PHP 5 introduces a destructor concept similar to OOP concept. Magic method “__destruct()” is used to declare a destructor.

For Example:

class foo {
    function __construct()
        echo ‘Constructor called’. PHP_EOL;
    function __destruct()
        echo ‘Destructor called’;
new foo();

This code will display:

Constructor called
Destructor called

REMEMBER that destructor will not be called till the last reference of the object is gone, and this may not take place when you want or expect it.

For Example:

$obj1 = new foo();
$obj2 = $obj1;

This one will not call destructor as even if $obj1 is getting unset, another reference is still present.

Why to use:

Its mainly useful for performing cleanup procedures, such as disconnect remote connection, remove temporary files etc.

Hope this will help to effectively use constructor and destructor. 🙂



How to add billing address, shipping address, last 4 digits of CC to global search for Magento backend

Magento backend is having global search functionality,globalSearch
but we can not search few important fields or parameters using global search. 😦
Recently I came across a situation where I need to add many fields to the global search.
After few hours of research, I got the model classes from where it adds the fields to search.

There are three models for customer, product and order, one each.
Path of the files are: 


According to the requirement we can create our custom module in local and overwrite the file(model) over there. From the local we can modify the content of the file to add billing address, shipping address, last 4 digits of CC to global search.

The path of local file:


Note: “MyModule”  is my custom module name in local code pool.
Here I will explain how we can add different address parameters, order id , last 4 digit of CC, customers name etc. For this we will modify Order.php and Customer.php.


On this page : app/code/local/MyModule/Adminhtml/Model/Search/Order.php

 $query = $this->getQuery();
        //TODO: add full name logic
        $collection = Mage::getResourceModel('sales/order_collection')
                array('attribute' => 'increment_id',       'like'=>$query.'%'),
                array('attribute' => 'billing_firstname',  'like'=>$query.'%'),
                array('attribute' => 'billing_lastname',   'like'=>$query.'%'),
                array('attribute' => 'billing_telephone',  'like'=>$query.'%'),
                array('attribute' => 'billing_postcode',   'like'=>$query.'%'),

                array('attribute' => 'shipping_firstname', 'like'=>$query.'%'),
                array('attribute' => 'shipping_lastname',  'like'=>$query.'%'),
                array('attribute' => 'shipping_telephone', 'like'=>$query.'%'),
                array('attribute' => 'shipping_postcode',  'like'=>$query.'%'),

We need to change this snippet of code with following snippet to add order increment_id, billing details, shipping details and last 4 digits of CC.

$query = $this->getQuery();
$salesFlatQuotePayment = (string)Mage::getConfig()->getTablePrefix() . 'sales_flat_quote_payment';
            $collection = Mage::getResourceModel('sales/order_collection')->addAttributeToSelect('*');
                       ->joinLeft(array('sales_flat_quote_payment' => $salesFlatQuotePayment),
            ) ;
              $collection= $collection->addAttributeToSearchFilter(array(
                    array('attribute' => 'increment_id',                           'like'=>$query.'%'),
                    array('attribute' => 'entity_id',                              'like'=>$query.'%'),
                    array('attribute' => 'billing_firstname',                      'like'=>$query.'%'),
                    array('attribute' => 'billing_lastname',                       'like'=>$query.'%'),
                    array('attribute' => 'billing_telephone',                      'like'=>$query.'%'),
                    array('attribute' => 'billing_postcode',                       'like'=>$query.'%'),
                    array('attribute' => 'billing_o_a.city',                       'like'=>$query.'%'),
                    array('attribute' => 'billing_o_a.region',                     'like'=>$query.'%'),
                    array('attribute' => 'billing_o_a.street',                     'like'=>$query.'%'),
                    array('attribute' => 'sales_flat_quote_payment.cc_last4',      'like'=>'%'.$query.'%'),

                    array('attribute' => 'shipping_firstname',                     'like'=>$query.'%'),
                    array('attribute' => 'shipping_lastname',                      'like'=>$query.'%'),
                    array('attribute' => 'shipping_telephone',                     'like'=>$query.'%'),
                    array('attribute' => 'shipping_postcode',                      'like'=>$query.'%'),
                    array('attribute' => 'shipping_o_a.city',                      'like'=>$query.'%'),
                    array('attribute' => 'shipping_o_a.region',                    'like'=>$query.'%'),
                    array('attribute' => 'shipping_o_a.street',                    'like'=>$query.'%'),

By adding this code we will be able to search by order increment_id, billing details, shipping details and last 4 digits of CC.


On this page : app/code/local/MyModule/Adminhtml/Model/Search/Customer.php

$collection = Mage::getResourceModel('customer/customer_collection')
            ->joinAttribute('company', 'customer_address/company', 'default_billing', null, 'left')
                array('attribute'=>'firstname', 'like' => $this->getQuery().'%'),
                array('attribute'=>'lastname', 'like'  => $this->getQuery().'%'),
                array('attribute'=>'company', 'like'   => $this->getQuery().'%'),
            ->setPage(1, 10)

We need to change this snippet of code with following snippet to add default billing address, customer’s  city, region and street.

$collection = Mage::getResourceModel('customer/customer_collection')
                ->joinAttribute('company', 'customer_address/company', 'default_billing', null, 'left')
                ->joinAttribute('city', 'customer_address/city', 'default_billing', null, 'left')
                ->joinAttribute('region', 'customer_address/region', 'default_billing', null, 'left')
                ->joinAttribute('street', 'customer_address/street', 'default_billing', null, 'left')

                    array('attribute'=>'firstname', 'like' => $query.'%'),
                    array('attribute'=>'lastname', 'like'  => $query.'%'),
                    array('attribute'=>'company', 'like'   => $query.'%'),
                    array('attribute'=>'city', 'like'      => $query.'%'),
                    array('attribute'=>'region', 'like'    => $query.'%'),
                    array('attribute'=>'street', 'like'    => $query.'%'),
                ->setPage(1, 10)

Now we can upload these two files and flush the cache. Then from backend search for any field from Global Search… 🙂


Grocery CRUD : CodeIgniter

Grocery Crud is a CodeIgniter CRUD. It is fully tested in codeigniter 2.0 and in 1.7.x. You don’t need so much line of codes, models , views, libraries to make a CRUD works. Just few lines need to write and a stable CRUD is ready.

Grocery CRUD is a codeigniter CRUD library that makes a php developer’s life easier.
Simple and many Features!

Even for complex CRUDs you can use it by adding callbacks. You can choose the CRUD template that you want to use by changing only the theme. You are able to build the grid and the forms easily and automatically by using the power of jquery.

The different themes currently available  are: List View

  • Datatables
  • FlexGrid
  • Twitter-Bootstrap

The good part is that you don’t even have to change the CSS to make it more user friendly. Grocery CRUD is ready for the production mode with all the required security and views.
Grocery CRUD is an automatic CRUD generator and it can cover almost all your needs for a CRUD system (simple or complex one) as it has many features and still keep going.


  • Change themes easily.
  • Grid listing with paging, sorting, searching by field and search for all with ajax (with all themes)
  • Automatic creation of inputs by field type
    (Field types that auto-generate different inputs are: integer, string, text, date, datetime, set, enum, true_false(0 or 1), hidden, password and readonly)
  • Database relation 1-1 , 1-n and n-n , automatically with just one line of code
  • Validation form with client side validation and server side validation
  • Add your own validation rules
  • Have Flexibility to choose columns and fields that you want to add to your table
  • CALLBACKS almost everywhere to do your own customization
  • Can add your own model or by extending the basic model
  • Supports all modern browsers, such as: Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome,Opera, Safari, Internet Explorer 9 or later and also supports for all the modern OS systems such as Windows, Linux, MACOS
  • MOBILE compatible, works fine with the default browsers of Android , Windows and iPhone.


The installation is really easy. Need to download grocery crud zip from here http://www.grocerycrud.com/downloads

After this, You need to just copy all the files to your project and you are ready to use grocery CRUD. By the end of the installation, your file structure should look similar to this.
driectory display

After this, you are ready to use.

Enjoy Coding! 🙂

Reference: http://www.grocerycrud.com/

FULL-TEXT search using MYSQL

MySQL provides a wonderful way (Full-text Search) of implementing a little search engine in your website. All you have to do is to have MySQL 4.x and above.


MySQL allow text searching by using the LIKE and regular expression. But, these methods have some limitations like:

  • Performance: MySQL need to scan whole table to find the exact text based on pattern in the LIKE  or pattern in the regular expressions.
  • Flexible search: It is difficult to have flexible search query e.g., to find product whose description contains car but not classic.
  • Relevance ranking: No way to specify which row in the result set that is more relevant

Features of MySQL full-text search:

  • Native SQL-like interface: you use SQL-like statement to use the full-text search.
  • Searches are not case sensitive
  • Fully dynamic index: MySQL automatically index the text column whenever the data changes. You don’t need to run the index periodically.
  • It does not take much memory to store the index.
  • It is fast to search based on complex search query.

SearchGet Started

Before we start, it’s important to know about these keywords:


The MATCH function is used to specify the column names that identify your FULLTEXT collection. The column list inside the MATCH function must exactly match that of the FULLTEXT index definition, unless your search in boolean mode (see below).


The AGAINST function is where your full text search query goes. Besides the default natural language search mode, you can perform boolean mode searches, and use query expansion.

Lets start with some sample table and query:

CREATE TABLE articles (
    title VARCHAR(200),
    body TEXT,
    FULLTEXT (title,body)
// Insert some data into table

INSERT INTO articles (title,body) VALUES
('MySQL Tutorial','DBMS stands for DataBase ...'),
('How To Use MySQL Well','After you went through a ...'),
('Optimizing MySQL','In this tutorial we will show ...'),
('1001 MySQL Tricks','1. Never run mysqld as root. 2. ...'),
('MySQL vs. YourSQL','In the following database comparison ...'),
('MySQL Security','When configured properly, MySQL ...');

Here two types of search are possible:

  • Natural Language Full-Text Searches
  • Boolean Full-Text Searches

Natural Language Full-Text Searches

SELECT * FROM articles
    WHERE MATCH (title,body) AGAINST ('database');

This query will fetch all the records which has database keyword.

Boolean Full-Text Searches

SELECT * FROM articles WHERE MATCH (title,body)

In above query you see that I have added IN BOOLEAN MODE in against(). This query will fetch all the records which has MySQL keyword but not YourSQL keyword. (+ and – that we have specified before the keywords)

+ stands for AND
- stands for NOT
[no operator] implies OR


Not all storage engines support full-text searching. In MySQL, only MyISAM and InnoDB storage engines support full-text search. The MATCH() column list must match exactly the column list in some FULLTEXT index definition for the table, unless this MATCH() is IN BOOLEAN MODE. Boolean-mode searches can be done on non-indexed columns, although they are likely to be slow.

Enjoy Coding! 🙂

Reference: http://viralpatel.net/blogs/full-text-search-using-mysql-full-text-search-capabilities/

Parallel Download Link

Parallel vs Serial – fighting continues.

Note that for smaller files it doesn’t matter much. But in case of bigger files it really does.

Case 1: 4113-thumb
Lets say we have download links for songs. So the user may want to download one by one, as in this way single file download is faster and user can start listening while other are getting download.

Case 2:
Now suppose our download links provide zipped reports. And those reports will be analyzed later. Another example can be your site provide online courses. When a user going through online tutorial he may download all the resources and assignments. In these cases user may want to download all the files parallel.

Generally we use this type of code to implement download functionality.

header('Content-Type: audio/mpeg3');
header('Content-disposition: attachment; filename=' . $filename);
header('Content-Transfer-Encoding: binary');
header('Content-Length: ' . filesize($path));

Now if you access more than one download link, you may find that when first download is on the process others are not started. After completion of first download second one gets started and so on..

To make all download parallel use this simple trick –


at the top of the method.

What it does?

According to PHP’s session handling, using the default session handler, when a PHP script opens a session it locks it. Subsequent scripts that need to access, it have to wait until the first script is finished with it and unlocks it (which happens automatically at shutdown, or by session_write_close() ). So here session_write_close() simply unlocks the session.

Hope this will help 🙂